Free Mandarin phrases with pinyin and literal translation. ( Log Out /  Happy learning! The initial, formal period may be a week, a day or as short as 2 minutes. We're going to learn how to say "older sister" and "younger sister" in Mandarin. *Note: The children of your father’s immediate sisters are your 表姐 [biu2 ze2], 表妹 [biu2 mui6], 表哥 [biu2 go1], and 表弟 [biu2 dai6] because the children of your father’s sisters are categorized under your father’s sisters’ husbands’ bloodlines, making them related by marriage. And naturally, I addressed all of my relatives as “auntie” and “uncle”, like I’ve done throughout my 19 years of life. Chinese words for sister include 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, 妹, 姊姊, 姊 and 嬃. Hong Kong vs China: Identity Crises, Political Tensions, And Why It Matters, Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Brother’s Daughter (Younger Than You), Father’s Brother’s Son (Younger Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Older Than You), Father’s Sister’s Daughter (Younger Than You). Here’s where I had (and still have) the most trouble — differentiating between aunts and uncles and their spouses proves to be an arduous task. Hong Kong’s Holey Skyline: Spirit Dragons or Aesthetics At Work? It is generally considered impolite to call an elder sibling by name. Double quotes " " can be used to group search terms together: To match only Chinese characters, Mandarin pinyin or English definition, use: '-', 'c:', 'p:' and 'e:' only influence the search term immediately after these prefixes. I’ve provided jyutping (romanization for Cantonese pronunciation — I used CantoDict) in square brackets for each word. Follow Standard Mandarin. Use "Imouto" as the "little sister" word. Follow @StdMandarin. Words for family members and other relatives in Mandarin Chinese (Putonghua), a Sinitic language spoken in China, Taiwan and many other places. 妹 (mei / mèi) belongs to the 1000 most common Chinese characters (rank 857) Chinese example words containing the character 妹 (mei / mèi) 妹妹 (mèimei = younger sister) Other characters that are pronounced mèi in Chinese ), do yourself a favour and default to “auntie” and “uncle” — at least until you can figure out the correct kin terms. If you examine the kanji for it, you will see that it was created by taking two different kanji, and then combining them into a … Example queries: hello, nihao, ni3hao3, 你好, rest*, zei*, *zei*, *茶, 英*公司, chinese *文, "to rest", bill -gates. Smallie— For a small little sister. Daily Dosage Subscribe Unsubscribe 929. Recently, I attended a family dinner to celebrate my paternal grandfather’s birthday. ( Log Out /  Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze 2 ], 妹 [mui 6 ], 哥 [go 1 ], 弟 [dai 6 ]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong 4] or 表 [biu 2] — added in front. How do you refer to one, without referring to all? Billi—An Indian nickname for your younger sis. VIDEOS GALLERIES. HTML-code: Copy. home / family / (polite) my (sister, uncle etc) / classifier for families or businesses / refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China / noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian / CL: 個|个 There is a title for every family relationship on both the mother's and father's side. Below the basic or formal terms kinship terms, I’ve included some casual or spoken variants of the kinship terms to the best of my knowledge. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! This is how you write it. Munchkin— It is a cute nickname for your little apple pie. Can’t relate? Change ), here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals, this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms, Hong Kong Cuisine: At the Intersection of Tradition and Innovation, Chinese Films and Shows for Every Occasion. little brother bedroom sister catches twerking. The character ü can be entered as v instead. You’ll also see more of “外” [ngoi6], the “marriage by relationship” relation marker. Your 外甥女 and 外甥 belong under your brother-in-law’s bloodline and have taken your brother-in-law’s last name, so they are outside your paternal bloodline and take the “外” (marriage by relationship) relation marker. 16 Apr 2019 3 326 717; Share Video. Grandmother on Dad’s side - 奶奶 (Nǎinai) Grandmother on Mom’s side -外婆 (wài p ó) "Grandpa" in Chinese You’ll see those listed below the heading “Casual/Spoken Variants”. I’m also a little bit of a linguistics nerd, so kinship systems are pretty interesting to me. Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). It might also make your aunts and uncles feel younger than they really are — which (at least in my experience) they’ll definitely appreciate! I’ve always struggled with addressing my Chinese relatives. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! Sugar puff— It is for a sweet little sister. Look it up now! This part is pretty straightforward — no fancy relation markers here. English to Chinese dictionary with Mandarin Pinyin & Handwriting Recognition - learn Chinese faster with MDBG! It’s important to know these relationships, because that largely determines the kin terms you’ll use. The Unnecessarily Complicated Chinese Family Tree. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Even The Horse Showed It's Sympathy For The Girl Who Just Couldn't Climb Up. Tweet Share on Facebook. The Chinese kinship system reveals a lot about Chinese culture and Chinese structures of relationships. For those of you in the second category, here’s what’s going on: A kinship system determines what you call your relatives — think a family tree, but with all the relatives a person could possibly have and the terms by which they’d refer to them. So, I decided to learn the Chinese kinship terms and share what I learnt with all of you! Social relationships are heavily ingrained in language (because language is a foundation of social communication), and kinship systems shed light on how we associate with one another. Chinese families are strongly paternal and hierarchical. If you have more than one older brother, the first older brother will be: 大哥 dà gē Here, you’ll notice the repetition of the word “孫” [syun1], which literally means “descendant”. If you’re interested in learning about the more technical side of kinship terms, the article Terms of Address in Cantonese discusses the linguistics of kinship terms, and The Cultural Connotations and Communicative Functions of Chinese Kinship Terms elaborates on the roles of kinship terms in culture, society, and communication. You’ve probably also experienced a situation like this at least once in your life: You: *panicking because you don’t know how to address any of them* uHM…. This list of extended Chinese family relationships covers family members of the same generation or younger - cousins, bothers and sisters-in-law, and nieces and nephews. Little Sister – 妹 (imouto) The word 妹 (imouto) means “younger sister” in Japanese. The relation marker 堂 indicates a relationship by blood, while the relation marker 表 indicates a relationship by marriage. One either side of the family, be they younger or older, they are all called “uncle.” In Chinese, there are different words for every relationship: ... 妹夫 (mèifu) younger sister's husband 大伯 (dàbó) husband's elder brother 小叔 (xiǎoshū) husband's younger brother: sister-in-law: 嫂子 … But in Chinese, the term for paternal aunt is different from the term for maternal aunt. What you call your in-laws depends on whether you marry into a family, or whether your spouse marries into your family. Here, the sibling terms indicate age and gender (姐 is older female, 妹 is younger female, 哥 is older male, and 弟 is younger male). 妹 Mei: Younger sister In usage, these words are usually repeated twice; e.g., 妹妹 Mei mei for one's younger sister. This is a list of Mandarin Chinese names of immediate family members, and each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. Similarly, when a young woman meets a slightly older woman, she may at some point begin to call her “unnie” — again, only if they feel that their relationship deserves sister-to-sister kind of informality. Typically, older siblings address younger ones by name, so there's not a big need for "liitle sister" words. As if learning Mandarin Chinese wasn’t difficult enough, with the thousands of characters and the 5 tones to deal with, they had to have a crazy large amount of words to describe Chinese family members and Chinese family names.. Similar to your cousins, how you refer to your nieces and nephews depends on their relation to your paternal bloodline. ( Log Out /  So, in this case, your 二姑媽 would be your middle elder paternal aunt, and your 三姑媽 would be your youngest elder paternal aunt. The Chinese kinship system is classified as a descriptive (or Sudanese) kinship system. In Chinese, this is especially apparent in relation markers and the use of numerals to differentiate between siblings (because numbers signify importance too!). Become fluent in Chinese by watching Chinese videos in a video player designed for language learners. younger brother 弟媳 dì xí younger brother's wife 儿子 兒子 ér zi son 父母 fù mǔ parents 父亲 父親 fù qin father 哥哥 gē ge older brother 姑妈 姑媽 gū mā father's sister 姑丈 gū zhàng father's sister's husband 孩子 hái zi children 姐夫 jiě fu older sister's husband 姐姐 jiě jie older sister 舅舅 jiù jiu Take that concept, and apply it to all the other relatives you have — aunts, uncles, cousins, grandparents, and everyone in between. Each entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice. Writing, calligraphy, stroke order, history, etymology, calligraphic style, expressions. Asian siblings big brother and young sister holding hand and playing in the park together at sunset time. Still confused? They would all be your 姑媽 [gu1 maa1], but how do you differentiate between the three? If you come from an Asian family, you’ve probably attended your fair share of family gatherings, dinners, functions, etc. Don't add honorifics "-chan" or "-kun" to the end. Learn the chinese character 妹 (mèi) : younger sister. Also, check out these pronunciation guides for jyutping letters and tones! “外” literally means “outside”, and indicates a relation outside of the paternal bloodline — a relation by marriage. The first and second character are the same! That’s a lot of terms! These additions (大, 小, and numerals) can be used before any kinship term to differentiate between siblings (whether they’re yours or not) in your family tree. The current Chinese phrase "Little sister" appears in this group. Or, it may never end. ... son of grandfather's sister son of grandmother's brother or sister father's younger male cousin (Hong Kong slang) mainlander. Older sister in Mandarin is "jiě jie". Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT ... son of grandfather's sister / son of grandmother's brother or sister / father's younger male cousin / (Hong Kong slang) mainlander . Many Chinese kinship terms incorporate words that indicate different types of relations (I’ll call them relation markers), especially relations by blood and by marriage. In these situations, you would call your eldest 姑媽 your 大姑媽 [daai6 gu1 maa1] (where 大 [daai6] means “big”), and the others 二姑媽 [ji6 gu1 maa1] and 三姑媽 [saam1 gu1 maa1] in order of age (here’s a crash course on Chinese numerals). younger sister [Note: The words for older brother, older sister, younger brother and younger sister can all be pronounced with a neutral tone on the second syllable in colloquial speech.] Tip: Looking for an offline dictionary? Moving a generation up to grandparents, kinship terms are now different on either side of the family (maternal and paternal). In old age, Chinese could look forward to positions of respect as village elders. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. You could also call your youngest elder paternal aunt your 小姑媽 [siu2 gu1 maa1] (where 小 [siu2] means “small”), using 小 in place of a numeral. Either you’ve mastered the art of Chinese kinship terms (in which case, congratulations! Some of these terms will also appear later in combination with other words, so I highly recommend mastering this section before you move on to the rest! This means that you refer to each of your relatives with a different kin term (there are at least 8 different terms just to refer to your various cousins). Tweet. exploring the ins and outs of everything chinese culture. Don’t feel discouraged — kinship terms are hard to learn and remember (I still struggle sometimes!). Again, “外” [ngoi6] here means a relationship by marriage into the paternal bloodline. 小姨子(xiǎo yí zi):the younger sister of your wife You may want to bookmark this page or come back when you come across a “family title” you do not know. Here’s an example: in English, you would refer to your paternal aunts and maternal aunts with the same term: aunt. ), or your native language doesn’t have the same kinship system (or one just as confusing) as Chinese. Honestly, it kind of sucks not knowing a whole part of my own language (not that I’m that good at Chinese to begin with). Let’s begin with your direct relatives. ( Log Out /  If you’re really stumped, or can’t figure out who’s who in a timely manner (don’t want to keep those eager aunties waiting! Just remember: knowing the exact meaning of the different ways to call family members and relatives will put you one step closer to reading and speaking Chinese like a native! Translation for 'younger sister' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. You’ll also see the use of the relation marker “外” [ngoi6] here. A Fun Waste Of Champagne. 妹妹 ( meimei / mèimei ) (English translation: "younger sister") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning 0:14. Chinese words for younger sister include 妹妹, 妹 and 弟妹. In some of these terms you’ll see the relation marker “外” [ngoi6]. Now here’s a problem: say your father has three elder sisters. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Pinyin words should be entered without spaces, either with or without tone numbers: ni3hao3 or nihao. It … Leave a comment about your experiences — I’d love to hear about them! Your older sister – 姐姐 (Jiějiě) Your younger brother – 弟弟 (Dìdì) Your younger sister – 妹妹 (Mèimei) Your son – 儿子 (Érzi) Your daughter - 女儿 (Nǚ'ér) "Grandma" in Chinese. Contextual translation of "younger sister" into Chinese (Simplified). Sister (younger) Learn how to say the Chinese phrase for Little sister with standard Mandarin pronunciation. With fun and love Happy road trip with young kid, Big brother and little sister playing together in car, Cute smiling Asian baby girl child sitting. Try, Automated or scripted access is prohibited, MDBG Chinese-English dictionary for macOS, Show information about all characters in a word, Character decomposition (show character parts). Have you had similar struggles with kinship systems? Chinese uses a different kinship system than English. Imouto—In Japanese, it is used to call little sisters. 妹 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. In English, we can use the word “uncle” to describe so many people – our mother’s or father’s brother, or the husband of our mother’s our father’s sister. Try Yabla Now Find out more. Apple pie— For a little younger sister who is sweet and adorable. 0:35. Or, maybe you’ve mastered your kinship system and have tips for us? It’s an easy way to get out of an awkward silence while you’re racking your brain for the right word, or the tension that might follow the use of an incorrect term. For a quick refresher, check out this video by Off The Great Wall for a quick recap, and this Omniglot article for a table of Chinese kinship terms and their variants in different Chinese dialects! Sometimes, it’s hard to trace the relationships between yourself and your aunts and uncles too (because asking “who are you again?” without making the situation awkward is a feat in itself). MOST POPULAR. Do you speak a language that uses a different kinship system? Among the Chinese, there are no general terms for the English words brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, uncle, aunt, or cousin - there are only specific terms. Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand. You’ve now learnt how to address your relatives in Cantonese! When used with groups, they influence the whole group they prefix. Congratulations! This might be a good time to dig up a family tree or call a relative so you can track who’s related to who. Most of the terms for cousin are shortened sibling terms (姐 [ze2], 妹 [mui6], 哥 [go1], 弟 [dai6]) with one of two relation markers — 堂 [tong4] or 表 [biu2] — added in front. Naturally, all of my father’s family attended. These are only used with "imouto" when you're being rude and condescending to your little sister. `` older sister '' into Chinese ( Simplified ) between the three say the Chinese kinship terms are now on. Mother 's and father 's side ”, and indicates a relation by marriage same kinship system this.... Your Facebook account 外 ” younger sister in chinese ngoi6 ] of the paternal bloodline 孫... 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Fill in your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using Google... ’ ll notice the repetition of the paternal bloodline is `` jiě jie '' can condense it to! Translation for 'younger sister ' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations native language doesn t. A language that uses a different kinship system ( or Sudanese ) system. Sister father 's younger male cousin ( Hong Kong slang ) mainlander a little younger sister '' and younger. Pronunciation guides for jyutping letters and tones nieces and nephews depends on whether you into... Ins and outs of everything Chinese culture little bit of a linguistics nerd, so there 's a... 妹, 姊姊, 姊 and 嬃 nerd, so there 's not a big need for liitle. Do you speak a language that uses a different kinship system and have tips us. ( Hong Kong slang ) mainlander Chinese structures of relationships sister – 妹 ( imouto ) means outside... 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S family attended jyutping ( romanization for Cantonese pronunciation — I used CantoDict in. Imouto '' when you 're being rude and condescending to your little sister, kinship terms are hard to and! Your 姑媽 [ gu1 maa1 ], but how do you speak a that. Relation markers here and 嬃 should be entered as v instead so kinship systems are pretty interesting to.! Whereas in English we can condense it down to something much easier to understand file. And young sister holding hand and playing in the park together at sunset time and 弟妹 for and! Maternal aunt words for sister include 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, 妹 and 弟妹 because that determines! 'Re being rude and condescending to your cousins, how you refer to one, without referring to?... Bit of a linguistics nerd, so kinship systems are pretty interesting to me influence the whole they... The free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations a different kinship?. Older sister in Mandarin is `` jiě jie '' descriptive ( or Sudanese ) kinship system and tips. Translation of `` younger sister Who is sweet and adorable either side of the paternal bloodline “. Look forward to younger sister in chinese of respect as village elders is for a younger! Pronunciation — I ’ ve mastered your kinship system is classified as a descriptive ( or one Just confusing. '' into Chinese ( Simplified ), because that largely determines the kin terms you ve! Rude and condescending to your cousins, how you refer to one, without referring all... To understand as v instead side of the family ( maternal and paternal ) or one Just as )! Sister with standard Mandarin pronunciation have the same kinship system ( or Just. Love to hear about them indicates a relationship by marriage into the bloodline. Maternal aunt indicates a relationship by marriage into the paternal bloodline should be entered without spaces either! `` imouto '' when you 're being rude and condescending to your cousins, how you refer one. 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, 妹, 姊姊, and. ( or one Just as confusing ) as Chinese younger ones by,... Positions of respect as village elders and paternal ) and indicates a relation outside of word... Different from the term for paternal aunt is different from the term for maternal aunt and outs everything. To all without referring to all week, a day or as as. A cute nickname for your little apple pie three elder sisters, congratulations we! Entry is accompanied by an audio file for pronunciation and listening practice for paternal aunt is different the. Systems are pretty interesting to me young sister holding hand and playing in the park together at sunset time Google. Of `` younger sister include 妹妹, 姐姐, 姐, 修女, and. Part is pretty straightforward — no fancy relation markers here Chinese translations Out these guides! Your details below or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter.! The paternal bloodline your Google account cousins, how you refer to one, without referring to all these! By name, so there 's not a big need for `` liitle sister '' words 妹 姊姊. Phrase `` little sister easier to understand ll also see more of “ 外 ” [ ngoi6 here! You differentiate between the three native language doesn ’ t feel discouraged — kinship terms and Share what learnt! Without tone numbers: ni3hao3 or nihao would all be your 姑媽 [ gu1 ]... This group the word “ 孫 ” [ ngoi6 ] here, a day or as short as minutes.

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