The generic name Camellia is taken from the Latinized name of Rev. The Tea Plant: Camellia Sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze Green, white, yellow, Oolong, Pu-erh and black tea all originate from the same plant species: Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze.This species in turn belongs to the family Theaceae, in the order of Ericales, within the Thea subsection of the genus Camellia. [10], Chinese (small leaf) type tea may have originated in southern China possibly with hybridization of unknown wild tea relatives. [18] It contains about three billion base pairs, which was larger than most plants previously sequenced.[19]. The black tea and green tea made from the leaves have been consumed by humans for thousands of years as a stimulant and is today the second most widely consumed beverage after water. Four varieties of C. sinensis are recognized. Common names include "tea plant", "tea shrub", and "tea tree" (not to be confused with Melaleuca alternifolia, the source of tea tree oil, or Leptospermum scoparium, the New Zealand tea tree). Anthropological research indicates that tea was originally wild-harvested and consumed as a bitter vegetable that was cooked into nourishing soups and as a folk medicine prepared as a vitality tonic. Camellia taliensis is a close wild relative of domesticated tea that is proposed to have been involved in the domestication and breeding of C. sinensis var. Kukicha (twig tea) is also harvested from C. sinensis, but uses twigs and stems rather than leaves. The word tea implies that it comes from the plant Camellia sinensis. Camellia sinensis (leaf) UPLC. Uses of Camellia Sinensis. dehungensis (Hung T. Chang & BH Chen) TL Ming are sometimes used locally. However, later genetic work showed that it is a hybrid between Chinese small leaf tea and assam type tea. The tea plant. Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. The first tea plant variety to be discovered, recorded, and used to produce tea dates back 3,000 years ago, it yields some of the most popular teas. It is humbling to reflect on that and realize that the more we learn about tea, the more we find there is yet to learn. [11][12], Chinese small leaf type tea was introduced into India in 1836 by the British and some Indian Assam type tea (e.g. [9], Tea plants are native to East Asia, and probably originated in the borderlands of north Burma and southwestern China. This article treats the cultivation of the tea plant. Older leaves are deeper green. Camellia sinensis is used to make products for cooking, cosmetics, landscape-garden use to making tea, tea oil, etc. Fragrant white flowers (to 1 1/2" across) with yellow stamens bloom in fall to early winter. For information on the processing of tea and the history of its use, see the article tea. Fresh leaves contain about 4% caffeine, as well as related compounds including theobromine. He … Today, Camellia sinensis tea is no longer solely used for its medicinal effects but became recognized all over the world for pleasure and refreshments. As you begin to find your favorite types of tea, consider the type of tea and its level of oxidation. All true tea is made with leaves harvested from a single plant species called Camellia sinensis. The leaves are glossy green with serrated edges and are similar in both shape and size to a bay leaf. This hand picking is repeated every one to two weeks. Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrubs or small trees in the flowering plant family Theaceae whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. There are several varieties of the plant Camellia sinensis. [8] The name sinensis means "from China" in Latin. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Camellia sinensis is used to make camellia tea. 1  Tea plants prefer a rich and moist growing location in full to part sun, and can be grown in hardiness zones 7 – 9. A special reserve for Earl Grey lovers, we infuse our top grades of Yunnan Dianhong black tea with the essential oil pressed from real bergamot citrus fruits grown in Calabria, Italy to yield our Earl Grey Supreme blend. sinensis: this province shows the greatest genetic diversity among the wild trees—the longer a species is present in an area the greater the chance to accumulate mutations, and the greater the differences among individuals of the present day populations. Savory notes from steamed tea leaves are expertly balanced with the toasted chestnut flavor and flowery aromas of baked and roasted lots. sinensis and C. s. var. Throughout the growing season, tea plants sprout tender new leaf buds in a series of growth surges called flushes. However, as the Indian Assam tea shares no haplotypes with Western Yunnan Assam tea, Indian Assam tea is likely to have originated from an independent domestication. In Kenya, it is cultivated in Limuru, Kericho, Mt Kenya among others. Thea bohea L. Thea sinensis L. Thea viridis L. Camellia sinensis var. Camellia sinensis, the tea camellia, flowering at the end of March With just one sizeable bush of the tea camellia, C. sinensis , the harvest was never going to be huge but after fiddly-faddling with a few minor efforts in recent years, I was determined to get as much as I could this year. assamica is from the Assam region of northern India with larger leaves hardy to zone 7 and south. What is Tea? As with apple trees and grapevines, cultivars with individual appearance and taste characteristics have arisen as a result … Camellia sinensis, also known as the tea camellia, is native to China and prized by home gardeners for its glossy evergreen leaves and fragrant flowers. A further look at the genetic diversity among wild trees point to Yunnan as the origin of the Camellia sinensis var. When you use the correct water temperature it can open up a whole world of flavor that you never knew existed within tea. assamica in Yunnan, China (Li et al., 2015). assamica (Masters). Camellia thea Link : Camellia theifera Griff. [23] This variety is commonly called Waldenae Camellia. All other drinks made with flowers, herbs, fruits etc, must be called differently. Cultivated tea gardens are managed by pruning tea trees into bushy rows, making it easier to pick young leaves that sprout up on top of the “plucking table.” To this day, most tea is picked by hand. Opinion of the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products on a community herbal monograph on Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, non fermentatum folium (PDF/48.1 KB) assamica (JW Masters) Kitamura are most commonly used for tea, and C. s. var. Filter about 10 ml of extract using a 0.20 um PTFE membrane filter. From Coast to Coast The articles from the 1946 Yearbook give insight into what people had to say about their camellias way back then!!!! We offer a vast selection of world-class quality white tea, green tea, black tea, wulong (oolong), Pu er and matcha, selected at source in the gardens of … The generic name Camellia is taken from the Latinized name of Rev. Camellia Sinensis | Tea, History, Terroirs, Varieties. The first evidences of use and cultivation of camellia in China are about 5 000 years old. It typically grows to 10-15' tall, but can easily be trimmed shorter (e.g., to 4-6' tall) or shaped as a hedge. Camellia sinensis var. We’ve included several recommendations for you to explore below. [24][25] In clinical research over the early 21st century, tea has been studied extensively for its potential to lower the risk of human diseases, but none of this research is conclusive as of 2017.[24]. Wambulwa, MC, MK Meegahakumbura, R Chalo, List of Lepidoptera that feed on Camellia, International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, ITIS Standard Report Page Camellia Sinensis, International Association for Plant Taxonomy, "Indications for three independent domestication events for the tea plant (, "Domestication origin and breeding history of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) in China and India based on nuclear microsatellites and cpDNA sequence data", "Identification of Japanese tea (Camellia sinensis) cultivars using SSR marker", "Varietal differences in the adaptability of tea [Camellia sinensis] cultivars to light nitrogen application", "The Tea Tree Genome Provides Insights into Tea Flavor and Independent Evolution of Caffeine Biosynthesis", "Secrets of tea plant revealed by science", "Expression of caffeine biosynthesis genes in tea (Camellia sinensis)", "Purification and characterization of caffeine synthase from tea leaves", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Camellia_sinensis&oldid=1000653403, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chinese Western Yunnan Assam (large leaf) tea [, Chinese Southern Yunnan Assam (large leaf) tea [, Antibacterial Activity of Green Tea Extracts against, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 02:12. Origins Camellia sinensis (or tea plant) is used to make most traditional caffeinated teas, including black tea, white tea, oolong tea, and green tea. It is seen on Sunset Peak and Tai Mo Shan in Hong Kong. During the winter months, the plants go dormant and their energy and nutrients are stored within the roots. From this one species stems two main varieties known as Camellia sinensis var. The Sinensis variety is a native Chinese plant, while Assamica has been found in the Indian province of Assam, after which it was named. However, the clonal one is commercially cultivated from the equator to as far north as Cornwall and Scotland on the UK mainland. According to history, Camellia sinensis was first used as a medicine in the Chinese province of Yunnan. In the northern hemisphere, the harvest season begins in late February or March and runs through September or October. 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